We recommend yearly vaccinations for dogs as not only does it allow us to vaccinate them for common diseases, but it also allows us to give them a general health check at the same time.
The kennel cough (C2) vaccine is given yearly in conjunction with a heartworm prevention injection.
The C3 vaccine which protects against canine distemper, adenovirus and parvovirus is given every three years. When given in addition to the C2 vaccine, it is called a C5 vaccine.
Puppies should be vaccinated with C3 at 8 weeks, then C5 at 12 and 16 weeks. Yearly vaccines then follow.
Diseases that can be vaccinated against
Kennel cough, or infectious tracheobronchitis, is a respiratory infection spread by close contact between dogs. For this reason, this vaccine is required by anywhere that boards dogs. Vaccinated dogs can still develop kennel cough, but the vaccine does provide them with a level of protection as it is generally administered intra-nasally and acts locally to provide a protection barrier rather than produce antibodies like other vaccines. The kennel cough vaccine is recommended annually for your dog.
The canine distemper virus can affect the respiratory, gastrointestinal and central nervous systems of your dog. It is spread through unvaccinated dogs in close contact with each other. There is no treatment for distemper, and while some dogs can fight the virus there can be permanent damage to the central nervous system resulting in seizures and nerve and brain damage. The distemper vaccine is recommended triennially for your dog.
Adenovirus causes infectious hepatitus in dogs which commonly leads to acute liver infection. The virus spread through urine, and while the disease is uncommon in domesticated dogs today the virus can spread easily among unvaccinated populations. There is no direct treatment available and the disease can progress towards hemorrhage, severe liver and central nervous system damage. The adenovirus vaccine is recommended triennially for your dog.
Canine parvovirus (CPV) causes gastroenteritis dogs. After a short incubation period the virus invades the bone marrow, decreasing the body's immune capabilities and allowing the virus to enter the gastrointestinal system. There is no direct treatment available for CPV, only supportive care to replace fluids and nutrients lost. Vaccination against CPV is recommended triennially for your dog.